Since 1952, the Town of Blacksburg has been organized under the Council-Manager form of government. Blacksburg Town Council is the legislative body responsible for adopting all ordinances and resolutions, approving the annual operating and capital budgets, setting all tax rates, approving the five year Capital Improvement Program, setting all user fees, making land use and zoning decisions, and establishing long range plans and policies.
The council appoints a town manager to act as lead administrator of the organization. He serves at the pleasure of council, carries out policies, directs business procedures, and has the power of appointment and removal of all town employees except the town attorney and the town clerk, who are also appointed by the council. Duties and responsibilities of the town manager include preparing, submitting, and overseeing the capital and operating budgets; advising the council on affairs of the town; addressing citizen concerns; enforcing the town charter; and directing the leadership of all departments.